COVID-19

The outbreak of COVID-19 is continually impacting businesses across the SEE region. Authorities are imposing drastic measures to halt the spread of the epidemic and curb the impact of the coronavirus outbreak. Our teams are monitoring the situation closely and providing insights on how to deal with the current situation, as everyone continues to adatpt to the constantly changing dynamic in an attempt to avoid disruptions and mitigate the risk to the economy.

In the upcoming period, Karanovic & Partners will publish insights and analyses of the key measures introduced by the governments in the SEE region to combat the spread of COVID-19. Our teams will monitor the situation continually and provide further insight into the upcoming legal challenges caused by the coronavirus outbreak.

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  • Albania

    Based on the Normative Act no. 13/20, all bailiff service procedures and bankruptcy procedures are suspended until no further notice (i.e. the end of COVID – 19 outbreak).

    2 April 2020

    Based on the Normative Act no. 12/2020, rent payments are suspended for the months of April and May for all individuals and small businesses who are facing financial losses due to the administrative measures taken against the COVID-19 outbreak. Landlords who require the payment of the rental fee for the months of April and May, shall be fined five times more of the value of their respective monthly rent.

    2 April 2020

    All the restrictive measures taken due to the outbreak of COVID – 19 (i.e. the suspension of the academic year in both private and public institution; the closure of all facilities which provide night club services; indoor entertaining activities; bars and coffee shops and any other facility that provides customer services countrywide) are extended until further notice.

    1 April 2020

    Three more businesses are allowed to stay open during quarantine – stationery shops, libraries, and tire repair shops shall exercise their trading activity only between 05.00 AM –13.00 PM.

    31 March 2020

    Government publishes Normative Act on procedures and documents for benefiting for financial aid for employees of business entities with annual income up to 14 million LEK during the emergency of COVID-19.

    28 March 2020

    As of 30 March 2020, only one member per family is allowed to leave the house upon authorization issued by the Police of State after online application. Elder people that are retired are in mandatory curfew any time of the day until further notice.

    27 March 2020

    Government adopts Normative Act on certain amendments to Income Tax Law based on which legal entities and other taxpayers registered for Corporate Income Tax (CIT purposes are entitled to submit the Annual Financial Statements of 2019 by 31 July 2020 however the submission of the annual CIT return for 2019 is still due by 31 March 2020. The settlement of the annual CIT liability for the year ended 2019 is required no later than: 31 March 2020 for the CIT registered taxpayers having an annual turnover exceeding ALL 14 million; within second half of 2020 for the CIT registered taxpayers having an annual turnover of less than ALL 14 million.

    No relief is announced for the payment of the CIT installments for 2020 for the CIT taxpayers having an annual turnover which exceeds ALL 14 million. CIT advance payments for 2020 for registered taxpayers having an annual turnover of less than ALL 14 million should be paid no later than 31 December 2020

    26 March 2020

    Upon the publication of Normative Act no. 9 dated 25 March 2020, all court activity and services in Albania are suspended until at least 7 April 2020 except for urgent court proceedings such as the ordering of security measures, etc.

    25 March 2020

    Albanian Government declares state of emergency.

    24 March 2020

    All wholesalers of food products and other products necessary for facing the epidemic crisis are obliged to ensure reserves for a period of at least 3 months or in accordance with the shell life of the product. Also, all wholesale suppliers and manufacturers of medicines/medical equipment and undertakings offering health services should undertake the necessary measures to ensure supply and to offer necessary health services to face the epidemic crises. Penalties of 5 million LEK (approx. 40,000 EUR) apply otherwise.

    24 March 2020

    Some businesses will be closed, except manufacturing industries, grocery stores, pharmacies, etc, which shall be permitted to exercise their trading activity only between 5 AM – 1 PM. A full list of businesses that may stay open can be found here.

    23 March 2020

    All international flights from Tirana International Airport “Rinas” are canceled, except flights to and from Istanbul with “Air Albania”, humanitarian flights and flights which have as an object the international transportation of goods.

    23 March 2020

    Curfews hours change: all individuals can go out for work and essential need only 05.00 AM –13.00 PM. Police Officers and the Military shall monitor the streets starting 21 March 2020. Also, authorized vehicles (through self-declaration) can only be used during 5 AM – 8 AM and 12– 13 PM.

    21 March 2020

    The first financial plan is presented by the Albanian Prime Minister which is aimed at coping with the situation caused by the outbreak of the COVID – 19 within the Republic of Albania. Such financial plan allocates funds for small businesses and individuals by helping them with the salaries of their employees, by postponing the consolidated financial statements, cancelling the penalties of the energy bills, rescheduling the payment of taxes for businesses with an annual turnover from ALL 2 million to ALL.

    20 March 2020

    The suspension of the academic year in both private and public institutions is extended until 3 April 2020.

    19 March 2020

    Employees of state administration are prohibited to use their authorized private vehicles until further notice.

    18 March 2020

    Curfew is extended as follows: Citizens can leave their house only between 06.00 AM – 10.00 AM and 04.00 PM – 06.00 PM. Citizens cannot walk in pairs of 2 or more. Penalties apply if curfew is breached.

    18 March 2020

    The General Directorate of Taxes has suspended all services provided near the regional tax directorates’ service desks and offices and provides their services online only until further notice.

    17 March 2020

    The Bank of Albania and the Prime Minister issued a joint order on moratorium of loan instalments for individuals and business loans until 31.05.2020, for those borrowers who have faced difficulties due to the situation created by COVID-19.

    17 March 2020

    Visiting public spaces (i.e. parks, lakes, etc.) is prohibited for every citizen during every hour of the day/night.

    16 March 2020

    Curfew is introduced for all persons from 06.00 PM – 06.00 AM.

    16 March 2020

    All flights to and from the United Kingdom are suspended until further notice.

    16 March 2020

    Establishment of relevant penalties for any subject in breach of an administrative measure (i.e. a penalty of ALL 5.000.000 for any private entity or individual which organizes public gathering events; a penalty of ALL 1.000.000 for any entity or individual which exercises indoor activities etc.).

    15 March 2020

    All the terrestrial borders are closed until further notice. All the terrestrial borders shall be open only for the purpose of the transportation of goods.

    15 March 2020

    Authorized vehicles shall be used only for the transportation of employees until 08.00 AM and between 04.00 PM – 05.00 PM.

    15 March 2020

    All private entrepreneurs who carry out the activity of manufacturing should accredit online with the Police of State the list of their employees which shall use private vehicles only for business purposes.

    14 March 2020

    Mandatory self-quarantine for all citizens of the Republic of Albania who have returned from Italy in the last 14 days.

    14 March 2020

    All companies that carry out the activity of the international transport of goods must accredit online the list of their drivers with the Ministry of Transport, in order to proceed with their daily activity.

    14 March 2020

    The temporary suspension of the ground traffic and as well as sea traffic and air traffic with Greece until further notice.

    13 March 2020

    All private entrepreneurs should accredit online with the Police of State the list of their employees which shall use private vehicles only for business purposes.

    13 March 2020

    The temporary suspension (lockdown) of Tirana, Durres, Shkoder, Lezhe, Elbasan, Lushnje, Fier and Vlore. It is prohibited for the citizens of the above cities to use their private vehicles. The lockdown consists in the suspension of the urban transport within the above cities and the interurban transport that connects the above cities, until 15 March 2020.

    13 March 2020

    The temporary suspension of urban transport in the cities of Tirana and Durres.

    12 March 2020

    Recommended work from home. The Government of Albania recommends that private employers should organize work from home for their employees. If this is not possible, the employers should undertake all necessary measures to ensure H&S at work considering the COVID-19 (limited number of persons in the same room – especially in call centers, personal protective equipment and similar).

    11 March 2020

    Closure of bars, coffee shops, restaurants, fast foods and any other facility that provides customer services countrywide, until 3 April 2020. Bars and restaurants services places in accommodation facilities shall offer their services only to their clients who are accommodated in the relevant accommodation facilities and shall not offer such services to citizens not accommodated within the relevant accommodation facilities until 3 April 2020.

    11 March 2020

    Closure of all facilities which provide night club services; facilities which provide indoor entertaining activities to children and youth; gyms, sport centers, swimming pools; internet centers; all centers that provide cultural and entertainment activities until 3 April 2020.

    Bars, coffee shops and restaurants shall exercise their activity only by respecting a distance of at least two meters between tables in sitting areas and a distance of at least one meter between individuals.

    10 March 2020

    Temporary suspension of the air traffic from Malpensa Airport, Bergamo Airport, Ancona Airport, Bologna Airport, Firenze Airport, Genoa Airport, Perugia Airport, Pisa Airport, Rimini Airport, Turin Airport, Venezia Airport, Verona Airport.

    9 March 2020

    Suspension of the academic year in both private and public institutions until 23 March 2020.

    9 March 2020
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Bosnia & Herzegovina

    Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia reached an agreement to temporarily close 20 border crossing points.

    2 April 2020

    It has been announced that the Law on Value Added Tax will be amended in order to prolong filing deadlines from the 10th of the month to the last working day of the month.

    30 March 2020

    Airports in BH will be closed starting from 30 March 2020 except for humanitarian flights and flights which have as an object the international transportation of goods

    25 March 2020

    Decision on Engagement of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    The Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina adopted a Decision on Engagement of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina for the assistance to civil authorities in the prevention of COVID-19 spread in special facilities (tents) positioned at the borders to accommodate everyone coming to BH from abroad.

    18 March 2020

    Decision on declaring state of natural or other disaster

    17 March 2020

    Decision on supplementing the Decision on additional conditions for foreigners’ entry to BiH:

    As of 15 March 2020, no additional conditions for entry into BiH will be applied to drivers and co-drivers of cargo vehicles in international transport in road traffic and aircraft crew and staff, whose final destinations is in BiH. In case of international transit by roads, the stay of cargo crew will be limited to 12 hours longest.

    In accordance with the Vienna Convention on diplomatic relations, earlier set of limitations for entry into BiH will not apply to diplomatic-consular personnel, resident in BiH.

    All citizens of BiH entering the country will need to be in isolation for the 14 days.

    All foreigners entering BH will be under some degree of movement restrictions.

    17 March 2020

    Entry into BH is prohibited to the foreigners from the following countries:

    People’s Republic of China Wuhan Province, South Korea, Japan, Italy, Iran, France. Romania, FR Germany, Austria, Spain, Switzerland and Belgium.

    15 March 2020

    Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBIH)

    Curfew for all persons is now from 8 PM – 5 AM.

    29 March 2020

    The Government of FBH decided to reduce rent by50% in all leased premises owned by the Government.

    26 March 2020

    FBIH Tax Administration announced that filing tax deadline has been extended to 30 April 2020.

    25 March 2020

    Banking Agency of FBIH adopted Decision introducing the following measures, which banks may approve to their clients:

    • moratorium, or delay in repayment of the loan;
    • grace period up to 6 months for annuity loans;
    • additional exposure amount for the purpose of overcoming its current liquidity difficulties;
    • any other measure that it deems necessary;

    The banks will not approve specific measures for clients for whom no changes in their solvency have occurred.

    21 March 2020

    Curfew is introduced for all persons from 6 PM – 5 AM. Minors as well persons aged 65 or more have an all-day curfew. Exceptions: (i) people needing health assistance, (ii) employees working in night shifts.

    21 March 2020

    Flat rate tax has been reduced to 50%.

    20 March 2020

    Public mass transportation suspended.

    20 March 2020

    In Canton Sarajevo only pharmacy and supermarkets are opened.

    19 March 2020

    Closure of restaurants, bars, coffee shops, fast food and similar facilities as well as movie theatres, public pools, galleries, beauty salons.

    17 March 2020

    Order to all banks, grocery stores, post office etc. to provide distance of at least 1.5 meters between their customers.

    17 March 2020

    Declaration of state of disaster in FBIH.

    16 March 2020

    Federal ministry of finance is working on the reduction of flat rate tax up to 50% and all taxpayer should submit a request for reduction of income tax in advance.

    16 March 2020

    All prices shall remain as they were on 5 March 2020.

    16 March 2020

    Strong recommendation on working from home. If this is not possible, the employers should undertake all necessary measures to ensure health and safety at work (limited number of persons in the same room, personal protective equipment and similar).

    Employers should reorganize their working hours, if the work process allows such reorganization, work that takes place in one shift should be split into two shifts.

    In case both parents of a child under 10 years of age are employed one parent is allowed to be absent from work.

    All business trips inside as well as outside of the country shall be cancelled.

    In case isolation due to COVID-19 is ordered to the employee, this situation is to be treated as temporary incapacity to work.

    16 March 2020

    Republic of Srpska (RS)

    RS Tax Administration announced that filing tax deadline has been extended to 30 April 2020

    25 March 2020

    Curfew is introduced for all persons from 8 PM – 5 AM. Persons aged 65 or more have an all-day curfew. Exceptions: (i) people needing health assistance, (ii) employees working in night shifts.

    20 March 2020

    Measures to mitigate the economic consequences. Government of RS introduced 6-months moratorium, grace period (no longer than 6 months), permission to grant an additional exposure amount, extension of the repayment period for annuity loans.

    20 March 2020

    It is forbidden to share false news or allegations. By the decision prescribing that during a state of emergency caused by COVID-19 pandemic, it is forbidden to share false news or allegations that cause panic or severely disturb public order or peace, or impede or significantly impede the implementation of decisions and measures by state bodies and organizations exercising public authority.

    Fines for the breach of the prohibition:

    • BAM 1000 – 3000 (approx. EUR 500 – 1500) for the natural person or authorized representative if legal entity;
    • BAM 3000 – 9000 (approx. EUR 1500 – 4500) for the legal entities;
    19 March 2020

    Closure of restaurants, bars, coffee shops, fast food and similar facilities as well as movie theatres, public pools, galleries, beauty salons.

    18 March 2020

    Declared a state of the emergency.

    16 March 2020

    City of Banja Luka ordered closure of restaurants, bars, cafés, fast food and similar facilities.

    15 March 2020

    Brčko District (BD)

    Gatherings are limited to no more than 3 people in public places.

    23 March 2020

    All BiH citizens entering the country will have to be in isolation for 14 days.

    18 March 2020

    All prices shall remain as they were on 5 March 2020.

    18 March 2020
  • Croatia

    Agreement between Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to close 20 border crossing points for the prevention of spreading COVID-19.

    2 April 2020

    New instructions for issuing permits for agricultural work outside the place of residence and for necessary departures to islands.

    1 April 2020

    Change in operating hours of airports. Shorter working hours due to non-existent passenger traffic and the obligation to limit the number of necessary staff at airports.

    1 April 2020

    A new measure of allowing border crossings for individual citizens of Croatia and Hungary (citizens of the two countries who are residents in border areas within the depth of 30 kilometres from the border or are employed by companies seated in the area).

    1 April 2020

    Decision to allow work of specialized indoor shops within markets, as well as stores selling construction materials (due to the effects of the earthquake in Zagreb and Krapina-Zagorje County).

    28 March 2020

    Tax authority has announced the conditions for deferred payment of income tax and/or corporate income tax, along with contributions for health and pension insurance.

    Also, it will be possible to defer VAT payments, for entrepreneurs who had revenues of up to HRK 7.5 million in the previous year, if VAT was not collected and that the entrepreneur may present evidence of illiquidity.

    Croatian Agency for Small Business, Innovation and Investment has announced suspension of payment on all loans until 31.12.2020. for all obligations which are not yet due. No interest or principal amount will be due until the end of the year and default interest will not be charged.

    25 March 2020

    Recommendations for households and other enclosed spaces during the COVID-19 outbreak (e.g. general prevention measures, cleaning and disinfection of premises occupied by a person under suspicion of infection).

    24 March 2020

    Decision to postpone lease payment for real estate managed by the Ministry of State Property.

    24 March 2020

    Measure suspending operations of all green markets and adjacent facilities.

    23 March 2020

    Decision on the prohibition of leaving the place of residence (except commuting necessary for supply, health care workers, commuting to work, emergency and operational services).

    23 March 2020

    Decision on temporary suspension of public transport, e.g. road transport, railway, tram and other public urban traffic (except taxi transport). All railway and bus stations will be closed for the duration of this decision.

    21 March 2020

    Strict limitation of movement and group staying in the streets and other public places where a large number of people can be located. Measure will be in force for the next 30 days.

    21 March 2020

    State co-financing of minimal salary for employers with closed business operations and/or with a drop in revenues of at least 20% in the amount of up to HRK 3.250 HRK per worker (approx. EUR 428).

    20 March 2020

    Croatian Parliament adopted 66 measures to help the economy due to the epidemic coronavirus. Much of the measures concern the preservation of jobs and financial liquidity (e.g. deferred payment of taxes, state co-financing of minimal salary in affected industries, 3-month moratorium on credit obligations, reprogramme of existing loans etc.)

    20 March 2020

    Border crossing points are temporarily closed. Exceptions relate to health workers, cross-border workers, carriers of goods, diplomats, police officers and passengers in transit.

    19 March 2020

    Border crossing points are temporarily closed. Exceptions relate to health workers, cross-border workers, carriers of goods, diplomats, police officers and passengers in transit.

    19 March 2020

    Decision on closing all retail objects (except for green markets, grocery stores, pharmacies, gas stations etc.), facilities not strictly necessary for everyday life (such as restaurants, gyms, saunas, beauty parlours) and cancelling of all public gatherings and sporting events. The decision is effective as of 19 March and will be in force for 30 days with the possibility of prolongation.

    18 March 2020

    On the basis of an agreement between Croatian and Slovenian governments, border crossing points between Croatia and Slovenia used for local transit of people are closed, major international crossing points used for transport of goods and people remain open.

    18 March 2020

    Decision on exceptional price control measures for certain products such as e.g. flour, milk and milk powder, eggs, sugar, salt, rice, pasta, fresh meat, fish, fruit and vegetables, canned meat, canned fish, edible oil, baby food, baby diapers, drinking water etc.

    16 March 2020

    The Croatian Government recommends that employers should organize work from home for their employees.

    14 March 2020

    Suspended classes in educational institutions.

    13 March 2020

    Persons who visited impacted areas and are arriving to Croatia are required for 14 days (starting with the day of their last presence in affected areas):

    • to conduct active health surveillance (reporting of health status to the competent epidemiologist)
    • to perform self-isolation based on the border health inspector’s order.
    24 February 2020

    Croatia introduced health surveillance of persons coming from areas affected by the epidemic.

    03 February 2020
  • Montenegro

    Amendment to the prohibition of movement (curfew hours). Movement is allowed on Sundays, from 5 a.m. to 1 p.m.

    2 April 2020

    Extension of implementation of measures. The implementation of the measures adopted on 16 and 17 March is now extended to 17 April.

    2 April 2020

    Temporary prohibition to banks from paying dividends to shareholders, except for payments in the form of bank shares. This means that a dividend distribution is allowed only in the way that it is transformed into equity. This will increase the level of capitalization of the Montenegrin banking system and ensure that it is fully prepared for potential challenges. This measure has not yet come into force.

    31 March 2020

    Increment of banks’ exposure to one person or group of related parties through granting loans or otherwise. Banks will be allowed to increase their exposure to one person, or group of related parties, through the approved exposure limits (25% of the bank’s own funds) through granting loans or otherwise. This will be possible with the prior approval of the Central Bank of Montenegro. This facilitates the acquisition of additional financial resources for the part of the borrowers affected by the current crisis and provides an incentive to continue their business. This measure has not yet come into force.

    31 March 2020

    Deferral of collection of overdue tax and non-tax receivables. Taxpayers who are unable to settle their tax liabilities due to the negative effects on the business caused by the COVID-19 epidemic can be granted a 90-day deferred payment of their due tax liabilities. The following are considered tax and non-tax receivables: i) personal income tax; ii) compulsory social security contributions; iii) liabilities arising from tax rescheduling in accordance with the Law on Rescheduling Tax Receivables; iv) liabilities arising from deferred collection of tax and non-tax receivables under the Regulation on Conditions for Delaying Collection of Tax and Non-Tax Receivables.

    31 March 2020

    Gatherings.

    Prohibition on gathering in the housing facilities for individuals who are not members of the joint family household.

    30 March 2020

    Sports.

    Prohibition of sports and recreational activities in all public areas.

    30 March 2020

    Prohibition that includes children.

    Children under the age of 12 are prohibited from going on outdoor public spaces, from 5 a.m. to 7 p.m., without the presence of one parent, guardian, adoptive parent, foster parent or another adult member of the family household, with the obligation to comply with the prescribed measure distances from other persons at least two meters;

    30 March 2020

    Curfew is introduced for all citizens. Curfew hours are i) from 7 p.m. to 5 a.m. from Monday to Friday and ii) from 1 p.m. on Saturday to 5 a.m. on Monday.

    Exceptionally, for the duration of the curfew, citizen with pets may stay on

    public area, maximum 60 minutes.

    This prohibition does not apply to individuals who perform regular tasks and provide services from public interest and are an indispensable condition of life and work of citizens (health, inspection bodies, police, military, fire services, utilities, media-including persons visiting media shows, agricultural activities on farms, etc.), as evidenced by a certificate issued by the employer.

    30 March 2020

    First instance court hearings scheduled in the Commercial Court of Montenegro in the period of 30 March 2020 to 13 April 2020 are delayed.

    27 March 2020

    Extending the duration of self-isolation and quarantine measures. It means:

    • to persons who have been imposed a measure of self-isolation for a period of 14 days, after the expiration of that period the imposed measure will be extended for another 14 days;
    • persons who have been issued a measure of quarantine placement for a period of 14 days and who have not had symptoms of a COVID-19 during the quarantine period, after quarantine, they will be placed in self-isolation in a family accommodation for 14 days;

    self-isolation of persons who have been in contact or are suspected to have been in contact with persons who suffering from COVID-19 and who did not have symptoms of this disease, is extended by 14 days.

    27 March 2020

    Extension of the deadline for submission of the issuer’s annual financial report. The deadline for submission of the annual financial statements of the issuers for 2019, which expires on 31 March 2020, will be extended by 15 days. The financial statements submitted by 15 April 2020 will be considered timely submitted.

    26 March 2020

    Extension of validity of sanitary booklets. Sanitary booklets, held by certain persons, who have expired, shall be valid until 30 June 2020.

    26 March 2020

    An epidemic of infectious disease COVID-19 has been declared.

    26 March 2020

    Credit line of the Investment and Development Fund for the purpose of solving the illiquidity problem arising from the consequences caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. On a credit line, the credit amount can be up to 3 million. The Grace period is up to 2 years, and the interest rate is 1.5 percent. The credit is realized free of charge.

    This line of credit will be used solely for the purpose of addressing the illiquidity problem arising from the effects caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. The funds can be used to procure products, semi-finished products, raw materials, and pay salaries. The credits are also intended for entrepreneurs, micro and small companies that are directly at risk. Credit can also be supported by medium and large companies.

    The documentation shall be submitted electronically or by post, beginning on 26 March 2020.

    25 March 2020

    Recommendations for competent inspections. The competent inspectorates are obliged to, in the case of violation of the measures prescribed by the orders, impose a measure on the prohibition on performing works.

    25 arch 2020

    Recommendations to specific categories of citizens. Elderly persons, persons with chronic illnesses and persons with disabilities are urged and warned to refrain from leaving residential buildings without maximum need.

    25 March 2020

    Modified working hours at newsstands.  The obligation of the owner or user of the newsstands to organize working hours in the period from 7am to 3pm, in two shifts of four hours per employee.

    24 March 2020

    Modified working hours at individual commercial facilities. Obligations to organize working hours between 8 am and 6 pm for pharmacies, food, beverage and hygiene facilities, specialized facilities for the sale of baby equipment, construction products, plant protection products and planting materials, animal nutrition and treatment products, agricultural machinery and funeral equipment. Exception: delivery to the customer’s address, which can be done during business hours which the merchant points out, in accordance with the regulations. This measure will take effect from 26 March 2020.

    24 March 2020

    Ability to extend employees temporary disability to work. The new measure provides an ability for the selected doctor, at the request of the employee, to extend to 30 April 2020: (i) temporary disability for up to 30 days (as determined by the selected team or the selected doctor), (ii) and temporary disability for more than 30 days (as determined by the competent medical commission).

    24 March 2020

    Prohibition on passenger intercity traffic. Exceptions: (ii) passenger motor vehicles performing activities relevant to the traffic of goods, (ii) supply and delivery of medicines, (iii) emergency medical services, (iv) utilities, (v) supply of fuel and electricity, (vi) transportation of employees, (vii) transportation of persons who resided outside the place of domicile or residence, for the purpose of returning to that place.

    24 March 2020

    Measure relating to legal entities and individuals performing construction works. This measure implies an obligation for legal entities and individuals performing construction work to organize work in a manner that ensures respect for epidemiological measures, in particular respecting the social distance between employees and other measures of occupational health and safety.

    24 March 2020

    Suspension of international passenger traffic. Exceptions: (i) the arrival of Montenegrin nationals whose arrival was announced through diplomatic missions and consular posts, (ii) the Operational Headquarters of the National Infectious Diseases Coordination Body. The quarantine of these persons is mandatory, in accordance with the decision of the health and sanitary inspection.

    24 March 2020

    Obligation of state bodies, state administration bodies, local self-government bodies and local authorities, companies, public institutions and other legal entities, entrepreneurs and natural persons to consider valid permanent residence permits, temporary residence permits and permits for temporary residence and work of foreigners with whom the period of validity has expired (on the basis of which they exercise before their bodies some of their rights or obligations).

    24 March 2020

    Prohibition on the presence and detention of more than two persons together in an open public place. The prohibition refers to the presence and detention of more than two persons together sidewalks, squares, streets, parks, promenades, beaches, etc., except for persons performing their regular work tasks.

    24 March 2020

    Suspension of fee collection (in the amount of EUR 2.00) for citizens who have ordered the issuance of birth certificates and certificates from the register of Montenegrin citizens through the portal www.dokumenti.me.

    24 March 2020

    Measures concerning traffic licenses that have expired. This measure implies the obligation of the competent authorities that perform the control and regulation of traffic on the roads to consider traffic licenses which have expired shall be valid if the driver with the license possesses a valid insurance policy and proof of performed technical inspection of the vehicle.

    24 March 2020

    Religious rites to be held without the presence of citizens.

    22 March 2020

    Identities. The National Coordinating Body for Infectious Diseases will begin releasing identities of people in self-isolation from tonight.

    21 March 2020

    Complement to new Covid19 anti-proliferation measures. Prohibition on transporting more than two adults in the same vehicle does not include transport of members of a joint family household and does not apply to vehicles of legal entities carrying out transportation of employees, vehicles of media representatives and vehicles used for emergency services (health, police, army, fire department, etc.) Prohibition on the organization of weddings. The funerals of deceased to be held exclusively in the immediate circle of the family.

    21 March 2020

    New Covid19 anti-proliferation measures. Maximal control of violations of self-isolation and criminal charges against violators is envisaged, as well as a prohibition on transporting more than two adults in the same vehicle.

    19 March 2020

    Tax Suspension. The Government of Montenegro has also introduced a new measure that provides tax suspensions and contributions on salaries as well as obligations under the Rescheduling Law for a period of 3 months.

    19 March 2020

    Continued major capital projects. The Government of Montenegro also provided advance payments to providers and contractors on started capital projects with the provision of a bank guarantee in the amount of advances. Started capital projects will not be stopped.

    19 March 2020

    Economic recovery measures. The Government of Montenegro announced the creation of a new Investment and Development Fund line of credit designed to improve the liquidity of entrepreneurs, micro, small, medium and large companies up to a maximum amount of EUR 3 million per user, by a simplified procedure, no approval fee and an interest rate of only 1.5 %.

    19 March 2020

    Fiscal measures. Central Bank of Montenegro introduces a moratorium on credit repayments (legal entities, natural persons, entrepreneurs and other credit users) approved by banks, microcredit institutions and Investment and Development Fund, for up to 90 days. The moratorium includes the suspension of all payments of liabilities on the basis of the credit (principal, interest, default interest, fees, etc.). The credit user wishing to exercise the right to the moratorium is obliged to electronically provide the bank with a notification that it accepts the moratorium, and if it is unable to do so, it shall submit the notice in writing to the bank. The bank is obliged to ensure that the moratorium is implemented within five working days from the day of receiving the notification.

    19 March 2020

    Relieves. The fees and commissions for using mobile and electronic banking services will be temporary suspended.

    The Municipality of Kotor is among the first municipalities in the country to receive the approval of the Government of Montenegro on the proposal of the Decision on Administrative Fees, that involves reducing all taxes in that city.

    18 March 2020

    Criminal charges. Communal police officer is specifically authorized to file criminal charges for determining criminal liability for failure to act provisions of established commands, mainly related to the operations of catering facilities, stores, salons, taxi services etc.

    18 March 2020

    Provisions related to health institutions, for example, all scheduled examinations are deferred until the epidemiological conditions are created, except those examinations where the selected doctor indicates as “urgent”. Also, work of dental ordinations is suspended, with obligation for providing on-call duty for emergency cases.

    18 March 2020

    Prohibition on the operation of commercial establishments, except pharmacies and establishments in which food, beverages, hygiene products, motor fuels, construction products, plant protection products and planting products, animal nutrition and treatment products are traded, as well as printing kiosks, facilities for the sale of baby products and facilities for the sale of funeral equipment.

    Suspension of taxi transportation.

    18 March 2020

    Securing of regular work and provision of services by legal entities founded by the country or local self-government, performing activities of public interest, which are an irreplaceable condition of life and work of citizens.

    18 March 2020

    Suspension of public transport. Suspension of public transport of passengers in interurban, suburban and urban traffic by buses and vans, as well as the public transport of passengers in inland rail transport.

    17 March 2020

    Maintaining social distancing. Regardless of the surface, the stores cannot accommodate more than 50 consumers at the same time; the obligation of the responsible persons in the stores is to provide/mark a distance of at least two meters between the persons in front of the outlets, at the cash registers and the sectors in which the goods are served by the employees in the stores.

    15 March 2020

    Entry into Montenegro is prohibited to all foreign nationals. Exceptions:

    • i) foreigners with permanent or temporary residence in Montenegro,
    • ii) foreigners operating motor vehicles engaged in the transport of goods.
    15 March 2020

    Protection of the employees due to schools\kindergartens closure. Government of Montenegro has ordered that, during the interruption of work of public and private educational institutions (among which appertains schools/kindergartens) for at least 15 days, one of the parents/legal guardians/foster parents/adoptive parent or single parent of a child not older than 11 years of age shall be entitled to a paid leave from work (excluding health care employees).

    13 March 2020

    Recommended work from home. The Government of Montenegro strongly recommended that employers should organize work from home for their employees. If this is not possible, the employers should undertake all necessary measures to ensure H&S at work in light of COVID-19 outbreak (limited number of persons in the same room, personal protective equipment and similar).

    13 March 2020

    Closure of border crossings for passenger border traffic. The prohibition was introduced for border crossings to Bosnia and Herzegovina (except for border crossing points Nudo, Ilino brdo and Krstac), Albania (except for border crossing point Božaj), Croatia (except for border crossing point Debeli brijeg), Serbia(except for border crossing points Dobrakovo and Dračenovac).

    13 March 2020

    Provisional measures: prohibition of public and private gatherings; interruption of educational work in public and private educational institutions for at least 15 days; the right to paid parental leave; prohibition of travelling to the affected regions and prohibition on entering the country by foreign nationals coming from the affected regions.

    13 March 2020
  • North Macedonia

    Reduction of current expenditures in public enterprises and state-owned joint stock companies. Public enterprises and state-owned joint stock companies should reduce their current expenditures for 15%.

    2 April 2020

    Ban on new employment in the public sector. New employments in the public sector are temporarily suspended, except for appropriate staff in the medical field. In case of necessity to fill in certain job positions, this should be done by allocating staff from institutions where there is a surplus of employees.

    2 April 2020

    Suspension of enforcement procedures until 30 June 2020. Enforcement agents are obliged to cease all actions, except: (i) cases for claims based on legal support; (ii) distribution of funds received on their separate accounts if the legal conditions have been met; (iii) actions which follow debt collection from the debtor, successful public bidding or sales with direct settlement; (iv) receiving enforcement requests and their electronic recording; (v) drafting data and information requests for the economic state of the debtors and electronic delivery to institutions; (vi) drafting enforcement orders over real estate and electronic submission to the public books; (vii) drafting prohibition orders on the disposal and encumbrance of securities and electronic submission to the Central Securities Depositary. Employers of debtors, the Pension and Disability Insurance Fund of North Macedonia and the carriers of payment operations are obliged to cease acting on the orders issued by the enforcement agents until 30 June 2020.

    1 April 2020

    Minimal salary subsidies. Companies affected by the COVID-19 crisis may request financial support from the Government in the form of one minimal salary in the amount of MKD 14,500 (approx. EUR 235) per employee for the months of April and May, in proportion to the effective hours spent at work. The exception are employees who have received a net salary higher than MKD 39,900 (approx. EUR 649) in December 2019, as well as January and February of 2020. In order to use this financial support, the companies: (i) must not pay out dividends, annual rewards and/or bonuses to their management or employees; (ii) must retain the same number of employees from the moment of applying for this measure until September 2020; (iii) must have at least 30% reduced revenue in comparison with the same period in the previous year; (iv) the average portion of the highest net salaries of 10% of the number of employees must not exceed the monthly amount of MKD 120,000 (approx. EUR 1,950) per employee. Companies which have expressed losses for 2020 shall not be obligated to return the financial support. The rest are obligated to return up to 50% of the pre-tax profit, increased for taxable expenditures. This decree has not been published yet.

    31 March 2020

    Financial help for sportsmen and artists. Sportsmen and artists shall receive MKD 14,500 for the months of April and May. This decree has not been published yet.

    31 March 2020

    Monetary compensation for citizens who are unemployed as a result of the crisis. Citizens who have lost their jobs due to the COVID-19 crisis shall receive monthly monetary compensation in the amount of 50% of their average net salary in the past 24 months in accordance with the years of service (e.g. for five years of service – monetary contributions for five months; 24 years of service – monetary contributions for 12 months, etc.) This decree has not been published yet.

    31 March 2020

    Minimal salary for all state officials. State and local officials shall receive a net salary in the amount of MKD 14,000 for the months of April and May. This includes the President of North Macedonia, the Prime minister of North Macedonia, all ministers, state secretaries, directors of state institutions, etc. This decree has not been published yet.

    31 March 2020

    Compensation for jobless citizens and citizens who were a part of the informal economy. For the months of April and May, these citizens shall receive MKD 7,000 per household. This decree has not been published yet.

    31 March 2020

    Delay of rent payment for social housing. Rent payment shall be delayed for all citizens who use social housing, as well as for all citizens. Rent payment delay for companies shall be additionally regulated. This decree has not been published yet.

    31 March 2020

    Suspension of judicial deadlines.Legal and preclusive deadlines for submission of (i) lawsuit in a litigation proceeding; (ii) private lawsuit in criminal proceedings; (iii) prosecution proposal; (iv) proposal for initiation of extra-judicial proceedings; (v) proposal for initiation of enforcement and securing claims proceedings; (vi) lawsuit in administrative proceedings; (vii) initiating proceedings before the Constitutional court; or (viii) initiation of other court proceedings stop running for the duration of the state of emergency, starting from the day of entry into force of this decree. The decree has not yet been published in the Official Gazette of North Macedonia.

    30 March 2020

    Curfew amendments. During the weekends it is allowed to walk the pets between 8 p.m. and 8:30 p.m. within a radius of 100 m of the place of residence.

    30 March 2020

    Amendments to the contractual conditions of loans. Banks and savings houses may publish the offers for the amended contractual conditions on their website, or individually notify their debtors in electronic form or in writing. If the debtor – a natural person does not notify the bank/savings house that he rejects the offer within 10 days as of the day of receiving the offer, it shall be deemed accepted. Legal entities, however, must notify the bank/savings house whether they accept or reject the offer within 10 days as of the day of receiving the offer. Otherwise, the offer shall be deemed rejected. These amended conditions are legally valid without the need to conclude a new contract or an annex to the existing contract.

    27 March 2020

    Vouchers granted by travel agencies. Travel agencies will be allowed to issue vouchers to clients in the amount of the paid fee for unused travel arrangements that can be used for any subsequent travel up to 31 December 2021.

    27 March 2020

    Amendments to the Company Law. The deadlines for holding shareholder meetings as well as yearly stockholder assemblies are prolonged for the duration of the state of emergency.

    26 March 2020

    State budget amendments. Activities for preparation and adoption of the Fiscal Strategy for the medium period of three years and the Final Budget Account are postponed for the duration of the state of emergency. Budget users may cut the budget approved funds through redistribute at a rate level of up to 70%.

    26 March 2020

    Tax exemptions. Taxpayers who generate income activity in the hospitality, tourism and transport sectors and have suffered damages due to COVID-19 shall be exempt from paying advance personal income tax and corporate income tax for the months of April, May and June, provided that they meet certain criteria. The interest rate of the amount of more or less paid taxes for each day of delay of payment is reduced to 0.015% instead of 0.3%. The Public Revenue Office shall not publish a list of debtors for the months of April, May and June 2020.

    26 March 2020

    Curfew amendments. All citizens have curfew from 9 p.m. to 5 a.m. Persons aged 67 or older have curfew from 11 a.m. until 6 a.m. Persons aged 18 or below have curfew from 9 p.m. until 12 p.m. Public transportation is banned from 9 p.m. to 5 a.m.

    25 March 2020

    Open call for interest-free loans for micro, small and medium companies.  The Development Bank of North Macedonia published the public call for submitting applications for direct financial support. Affected companies may start submitting their applications for 30 days starting at 00:00 a.m. on 26 March 2020. The public call may be accessed here.

    25 March 2020

    Suspension of enforcement procedures until 30 June 2020. Enforcement agents are obliged to cease all actions, except: (i) cases for claims based on legal support; (ii) distribution of funds received on their separate accounts if the legal conditions have been met; (iii) actions which follow debt collection from the debtor, successful public bidding or sales with direct settlement.

    24 March 2020

    Vouchers granted by travel agencies. Travel agencies will be allowed to issue vouchers to clients in the amount of the paid fee for unused travel arrangements that can be used for any subsequent travel up to 31 December 2021.

    24 March 2020

    Ban on movement in Kumanovo. Entry and exit to and from Kumanovo has been banned for city and inter-city transport.

    24 March 2020

    Curfew amendments. All citizens have a curfew from 9 p.m. to 5 a.m. Persons aged 67 or older have a curfew from 11 a.m. until 6 a.m. Persons aged 18 or below have a curfew from 9 p.m. until 12 p.m. Public transportation is banned from 9 p.m. to 5 a.m.

    23 March 2020

    Suspension of bankruptcy procedures. No bankruptcy proceedings shall be opened on bankruptcy debtors for the duration of the state of emergency. All bankruptcy procedures which have commenced are delayed for the duration of the state of emergency.

    23 March 2020

    The customs rate import duty is abolished for all medical devices and medical supplies.

    23 March 2020

    Amendments to the Law on Obligations. The legal penalty interest rate is reduced by 50%. The legal penalty interest rate shall now be determined in the amount of: (i) the reference rate of the NBRM valid on the last day of the previous month; or (ii) the monthly rate of Euribor for euros which was valid on the last day of the semester preceding the current semester for monetary obligations in foreign currency, both increased for five percentual points (instead of 10) in trade agreements, i.e. four percentual points (instead of eight) for agreements where at least one person is not a merchant.

    23 March 2020

    Amendments to the Law on General Administrative Procedure. Deadlines determined for undertaking certain actions in the procedure, i.e. deadlines determined by the authorized official are suspended for the duration of the state of emergency. The deadlines shall be reinstituted after the expiry of the state of emergency, but only for as many days as were left over.

    23 March 2020

    Curfew is introduced for all persons from 9 PM to 6 AM. Exceptions: (i) persons needing urgent medical assistance; (ii) employees from public health institutions which have permission slips issued by the Ministry of Interior Affairs; (iii) members of the Ministry of Interior Affairs and members of the Army of North Macedonia; (iv) firefighters; (v) employees working the night shift at PE Communal Hygiene.

    The number of pharmacies working 24/7 has been limited, and taxi companies must have on-call vehicles used only for transport to and from hospitals or pharmacies. Public transport is prohibited during curfew.

    21 March 2020

    Restriction of access. Public gatherings of more than five people in public places has been prohibited from 6 AM to 9 PM Factories must organize their working hours and production in line with the curfew. All stores, pharmacies and public institutions must restrict the number of people inside these objects to the number of cash registers/counters.

    21 March 2020

    Mandatory state quarantine. Persons entering North Macedonia through the border crossings from high, medium and low risk countries must be put in a 14-day state quarantine. Persons who have been or suspect to have been in contact with a COVID-19 infected person must self-isolate for a period of 14 days or be put in mandatory state quarantine if they break the self-isolation. All citizens of North Macedonia who have returned from abroad on organized humanitarian flights must be put in a state quarantine of at least 15 days.

    21 March 2020

    Prolonged validity period of expired personal documents and permits. During the state of emergency, validity of the following personal documents and permits has been prolonged: (i) expired passports and identification; (ii) temporary residence of foreigners with or without visa after the expiration of the validity of the temporary residence or visa; (iii) expired permits for temporary residence and long-term residence; and (iv) expired driver’s licenses.

    20 March 2020

    Frozen prices for citrus fruits. The highest price of citrus fruits is determined based on the prices which were valid between 1 January 2020 and 11 March 2020. This decision shall be valid until 30 April 2020.

    20 March 2020

    More favourable contractual terms for existing loans. The National Bank of North Macedonia (“NBRM”) adopted regulatory amendments where banks and savings houses may offer more favourable contractual terms for existing loans to borrowers – natural persons and legal entities who have been duly repaying their loans prior to 29 February 2020. Such favourable terms include a grace period, lower interest rate and extension of maturity, among others.

    20 March 2020

    Restriction of access. It is prohibited for persons and vehicles to access the park forest “Vodno” from 6pm to 6 am the next day. Group gatherings of more than five people in parks and other public places is prohibited. All supermarkets, pharmacies, banks and post offices are obliged to control the entry and the number of persons entering these objects by keeping a minimal distance of two meters between the persons inside and outside of these objects.

    19 March 2020

    Export restrictions. The export of wheat and wheat flour has been prohibited until 30 April 2020.

    19 March 2020

    Determination of highest prices of certain products. Highest prices of certain products in wholesale and retail, including those of bread, salt, sugar, oil, flour, milk and dairy, eggs, meat, pasta, medicine, personal protective gear, personal hygiene products and disinfectants are determined based on the prices which were valid on 11 March 2020. This decision shall be valid until 30 April 2020

    19 March 2020

    Postponement of exams. The taking of the Expert Exam, Bar Exam, Mediator Exam and Notary Exam has been postponed for the duration of the state of emergency.

    19 March 2020

    North Macedonia declared a state of emergency. The duration of the state of emergency shall be 30 days.

    18 March 2020

    Prohibited entry for the next three months for citizens who choose to travel abroad. Every person who leaves the territory of North Macedonia must sign a statement that they commit to not return to North Macedonia in the following three months. Exceptions: (i) cargo vehicles who cross the borders to and from North Macedonia every day; and (ii) citizens who leave the territory of North Macedonia due to health problems or treatment abroad.

    18 March 2020

    Organized return flight for citizens who are abroad and want to return to North Macedonia. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is obliged to determine how many citizens of North Macedonia are currently abroad, which wish to return to the country. These citizens should return via a specially organized charter flight. This shall be the last measure which the Government of North Macedonia shall undertake for its citizens which are outside of the territory of North Macedonia.

    18 March 2020

    Economic measures for mitigating the consequences of the COVID-19 outbreak. Micro, small and medium companies whose businesses are affected by COVID-19 can obtain interest-free loans from the Development Bank of North Macedonia and repay them in two years. For the months of April, May and June 2020, companies from the tourist, hospitality and transport sectors, as well as affected companies can receive subsidies for salary contributions. These subsidies shall be in the amount of up to 50% of the average salary paid in 2019 per employee, provided they fulfil certain conditions. The Ministry of Finance additionally announced the reduction of statutory default interest and penalty interest of public duties for 50%.

    18 March 2020

    Entry into North Macedonia is prohibited to all foreign nationals. Exceptions: entry allowed only to (i) Macedonian citizens, (ii) entry and transit of cargo vehicles, (iii) diplomats, and (iv) other persons who have permission from the Ministry of Interior Affairs. The airport „St. Paul“ in Ohrid is completely closed, and the International Airport Skopje allows only state, military, humanitarian, hospital, cargo and flights without passengers.

    16 March 2020

    Prohibited mass gatherings. All mass gatherings and indoor and outdoor events, as well as all cultural events and manifestations for more than 1000 people across the territory of North Macedonia are prohibited. All cinemas, theatres, museums, playgrounds and other institutions where mass gatherings can be held are closed. All cafes, restaurants, bars, clubs, casinos and sports betting objects are completely closed. All stores in closed-type shopping malls are completely closed, except for supermarkets and pharmacies.

    14 March 2020

    Recommended to work from home. The Government of North Macedonia strongly recommended that employers should organize work from home for their employees. If this is not possible, the employers should undertake all necessary measures to ensure H&S at work in light of the COVID-19 outbreak (limited number of persons in the same room, personal protective equipment and similar).

    14 March 2020

    Mandatory self-isolation. Mandatory self-isolation is introduced for citizens of North Macedonia returning from high and medium risk countries in a period of 14 days. Upon entering the country, the citizens must sign a statement under full moral, material and criminal liability that they will self-isolate for 14 days.

    13 March 2020

    Declared crisis state on two territories. A crisis state has been declared on the territory of Debar and Centar Zhupa where local transmission of the Coronavirus – COVID19 has been observed.

    13 March 2020

    Parents of children aged under 10 years are exempt from the work process. Due to the suspension of the educational process, one of the parents of children aged under 10 (including single parents) is exempt from work and work duties, and their absence should be recorded as justified by their employer. These employees are obligated to provide proof that they meet this criteria (such as certificate issued from kindergartens or payment order for paid fee for kindergarten stay, copy from passport or copy from a birth certificate to prove the child’s age, certificate from educational institutions that the child regularly attends classes or copy from the child’s report card). Additionally, employees must submit a statement that they will use such absence, and that they will be available to work from home if the employer requires them to do so. In urgent situations, these employees may be required to be physically present at their workplace, in a period of two or three hours.

    11 March 2020

    Pregnant women and people with chronical illness. It is recommended for pregnant women and those who are chronically ill to be exempt from their work duties and stay at home. Those who are chronically ill should obtain a certificate from their general practitioner.

    10 March 2020

    Sanctions for non-compliance with the measures and restrictions. Individuals and legal entities that fail to honour and violate recommendations issued by the Government could be sanctioned under Articles 205 and 206 of the Criminal Code (Transmitting an infectious disease and Not acting according to health regulations during an epidemic, respectively).

    10 March 2020

    Prohibition of organized bus transport to high risk countries. Organised international bus transport (bus, van, minibus etc.) to high risk countries, as well as from such countries to North Macedonia is prohibited.

    10 March 2020
  • Serbia

    Announced changes to rules on gatherings. No more than two persons will be allowed to gather at one place.

    2 April 2020

    Announced changes to the curfew hours. Curfew is announced from 1 PM on Saturday until 5 AM on Monday, while pet owners may walk their pets within the range of 200m between 11 PM on Saturday and 1 AM on Sunday. Retirees will still be able to do shopping on Sunday between 4 AM and 7 AM.

    2 April 2020

    Recommendation to employers to reimburse 100% of the salary to persons in self-isolation or infected with Covid-19 due to the direct exposure at work. The Government recommended all employers whose workers are in self-isolation or are infected with Covid-19 due to direct exposure to the risk at work to reimburse 100% of their salary. All citizens may file a Request for Issuance of a Certificate of Isolation, available here.

    2 April 2020

    Prohibition of games of chance. Organizing special and classic games of chance is prohibited, except through means of electronic communication, such as the Internet, mobile phone, television, radio, SMS or other.

    1 April 2020

    Persons under health surveillance who need to leave Serbia. The sanitary inspector may allow persons who, upon their arrival to Serbia or after contact with an infected person were subjected to self-isolation (at home), who need to leave Serbia before the expiry of the determined measure, to leave if until submitting the request such persons did not develop any symptoms of the disease. The deadline for deciding on the request is 24h.

    1 April 2020

    Health care and other workers with no symptoms of COVID-19 to return to work. Health care workers who, upon their return to Serbia or after contact with an infected person were subjected to health surveillance, and who do not develop any symptoms of the disease, are obliged to, after 14 days and one negative test conducted on the 14th day after the measure was imposed, contact the health institutions in which they work for continuation of their work obligations.

    The above rule applies also to health workers in military health institutions and members of the Serbian Armed Forces, members of the Ministry of Interior and security services and employees of prisons – in the treatment, security, training and employment services, and for health care.

    1 April 2020

    Self-isolation of persons cured from COVID-19. Persons who, after isolation and treatment of the disease, had two consecutive negative test results shall be released for home treatment. These persons must remain in self-isolation (at home) for an additional 14 days.

    1 April 2020

    Prohibition of hairdresser, cosmetic and similar services. Companies, other legal entities, and entrepreneurs are forbidden to conduct the activity of providing hairdresser and cosmetic services, pedicures, manicures, services of fitness clubs and gyms, activities of Turkish baths, saunas and steam baths, solariums, slimming salons, massage parlors and other services for the care, maintenance and beautification of faces and bodies where the nature of the service is such that it requires close contact between the service provider and the user, as well as between the users themselves.

    1 April 2020

    Criminal proceedings. When the judge in the first instance criminal proceedings finds that, due to the disease, it is difficult to ensure the presence at the hearing of the detained suspect, it may decide that the participation of the suspect is enabled through audio-visual means, if this is technically possible.

    1 April 2020

    Economic package for supporting to the economy is announced. The package worth 5,1 billion EUR should be implemented through 4 groups of measures:

    (i) Fiscal policy: payment of salary tax and contributions for the private sector during the state of emergency is postponed for 2021; payment of advance corporate income tax for the second quarter of this year is postponed; providers of donations are exempted from paying the VAT.

    (ii) Direct aid to the private sector: direct aid to entrepreneurs paying lump sum tax and entrepreneurs paying tax on actual revenue, micro, small and medium enterprises in the private sector – payment of aid in the amount of three minimum salaries (250 EUR) for every employee; direct aid to large enterprises in the private sector – payment of aid in the amount of 50% of net minimum salary for employees whose work is interrupted without their fault or at the order of a state authority or employer due to failure to ensure H&S. A moratorium on payments of dividends until 2020 will be introduced.

    (iii) Preservation of liquidity: financial support for the economy by the Development fund for Entrepreneurs, Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Farms and Cooperatives; guarantee scheme for supporting the economy during Covid-19 crisis for loans for preserving liquidity and working capital for entrepreneurs, micro, small and medium enterprises, farms, through commercial banks.

    (iv) Direct aid to citizens: 100 EUR for every citizen of legal age (18 and above).

    The measures will apply to all business entities, except from those which: (i) reduced the number of employees during the state of emergency for more than 10% (not including those employed for definite amount of time whose contract has expired during the state of emergency); or (ii) temporarily interrupted operations before the declaration of the state of emergency, i.e. before 15 March 2020.

    31 March 2020

    Entry of residents who have symptoms of COVID-19. Persons who enter Serbia, which have symptoms of COVID-19, are immediately directed to appropriate health institutions. These persons are isolated and treated in objects specially designated and equipped for isolation and treatment, and are obliged to accept such isolation and comply with measures and instructions, under the threat of coercive measures.

    31 March 2020

    Entry of residents. Serbian citizens and foreign nationals who have been granted temporary residence or permanent residence who enter Serbia are subjected to self-isolation (at home) for 28 days or to another health surveillance measure determined by the Minister of Health.

    31 March 2020

    Higher salaries for health care workers. Health care workers have the right to an additional 10 % of the amount of base salary. This measure will apply until there are conditions to alter the elements for calculation and payment of base salary in accordance with the law.

    31 March 2020

    Supply of masks and gloves. The National Health Insurance Fund delivers masks and gloves to legal entities that distribute protective equipment, based on orders for at least 500,000 masks, whereby the distributors must deliver a list of legal entities that operate in the retail. The Government approves and sets the conditions for the delivery.

    Retail. The maximum price of a mask in retail may be approx. 1 EUR, with one person being allowed to buy 10 masks at once, while the maximum price of gloves in retail may be approx. 0,3 EUR, with one person being allowed to buy 10 pairs at once. The quantity restriction also applies when masks and gloves are being bought for legal entities.

    Tax exemption: The delivery of masks and gloves by the National Health Insurance Fund to legal entities is exempted from the VAT with the right to preliminary tax deduction.

    31 March 2020

    Adoption of economic measures has been announced for 31 March 2020.

    The following has been announced: (i) the state has appropriated 700 million EUR for helping micro and small enterprises. It will pay every entrepreneur a minimum salary (250 EUR) for every employee for 3 months, i.e. 750 EUR in total, under the condition that they have not fired more than 10% of employees. The payments could be expected in about 2 months; (ii) payment of taxes, contributions and advance corporate income tax will be postponed for 2021; (iii) there will be a special guarantee fund and around 550 million EUR will be provided for subsidized loans. The interest shall be 3,56 or 3,57 on amounts in RSD. Additional funding shall be provided through the Development Fund, with 1% interest and grace period from 9 to 12 months; (iv) introduction of company bonds for medium and large enterprises.

    29 March 2020

    Prohibition of export of medicines. Export and re-export of medicines are forbidden, except: (i) when medicines are produced in Serbia but are not registered in Serbia, i.e. those which are produced exclusively for foreign markets; (ii) when a foreign person is delivering medicines in transit procedure from customs area in Serbia. The prohibition lasts until 18 April 2020.

    As an exception, export and re-export may be permitted by a special act of the Government.

    Domestic producers, importers, and exporters of medicines are obliged to undertake, through a statement of a responsible person, to continuously and uninterruptedly supply the Serbian market with all medicines which they produce or import.

    28 March 2020

    Curfew is introduced for all persons from 5 PM – 5 AM. On Saturdays, the curfew lasts from 3 PM to 3 AM and on Sundays from 3 PM until 5 AM.

    Persons aged 65 or more (in urban areas) or 70 or more (in rural areas) have an all-day curfew, except on Sundays from 3 AM until 8 AM.

    Exceptions from the curfew include: (i) licenced health workers; (ii) personnel of Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Defense, intelligence agencies and military; (iii) persons licenced by the Ministry of Interior; and (iv) persons in need of immediate health assistance, accompanied by a maximum of two persons.

    Aside from violation of the curfew being a criminal offense, the monetary penalty for misdemeanour is introduced in the amount from approx. 400 EUR to 1,250 EUR.

    28 March 2020

    Extension of self-isolation. The previous measure of self-isolation (at home) for 14 days which has not expired as of 28 March 2020 is extended for an additional 14 days, counting from the date of expiry of such previous measure.

    28 March 2020

    Persons diagnosed with COVID-19.Persons having COVID-19, i.e. persons to whom the presence of the virus has been determined by testing are isolated and treated in objects specially designated and equipped for isolation and treatment. These persons are obliged to accept such isolation and comply with measures and instructions, under the threat of coercive measures.

    28 March 2020

    Extension of work permits. Work permits which have expired or which will expire during the state of emergency will be considered valid until the state of emergency ceases.

    27 March 2020

    Exemptions from the list of basic products prohibited for export. After white flour and white sugar, yeast culture, active yeast and baby wet wipes are also allowed to be exported.

    27 March 2020

    Measures for persons arriving from areas that are not highly affected by Covid-19. Serbian citizens and foreign nationals who have been granted temporary residence or permanent residence in Serbia, who arrive from areas not deemed heavily affected with Covid-19 are subjected to self-isolation (at home) for 28 days or to another health surveillance measure determined by the Minister of Health.

    27 March 2020

    Measures for residents arriving from areas heavily affected with Covid-19. Serbian citizens and foreign nationals who have been granted temporary residence or permanent residence in Serbia, who arrive from countries or areas which are heavily affected with Covid-19  are subjected to 28-days quarantine in a specially designated area, except if the Minister of Health issues an act by which it determines another health measure or object in which such measure is to be implemented.

    27 March 2020

    Extension of deadlines in administrative proceedings – limited application for tax and customs purposes. The extension of deadlines is limited to the deadlines for filing legal remedies against first instance decisions and conclusions of the competent tax and customs authorities in the procedures for determining, paying, collecting and controlling public revenues of tax and customs taxpayers.

    27 March 2020

    Supply of masks – tax exemption The delivery of masks by the National Health Insurance Fund to legal entities is exempted from the VAT with the right to preliminary tax deduction.

    27 March 2020

    Banks may not charge fees for processing Covid-19-related donations. Banks may not charge fees for processing payments to special purpose accounts of the Republic of Serbia and National Bank of Serbia opened for receiving donations for the fight against Covid 19

    25 March 2020

    Status of foreign nationals during the state of emergency. Foreign nationals which were lawfully residing in Serbia at the time when the state of emergency was proclaimed may lawfully remain in Serbia until the state of emergency ceases, without the need to commence proceedings for further determination of their status.

    24 March 2020

    Extension of deadlines in administrative proceedings. Parties to the administrative proceedings may not bear consequences for overstepping deadlines in general or special administrative proceedings during the state of emergency. Delivery of documents from which the deadlines commence, which has taken place during the state of emergency, is deemed to have occurred 15 days after the state of emergency ceases. Deadlines for taking actions in administrative proceedings that end during the state of emergency are deemed to have ended 30 days after the state of emergency ceases.

    24 March 2020

    Curfew is introduced for all persons from 5 PM – 5 AM. On Saturdays the curfew lasts from 5 PM to 3 AM. Pets owners may walk their pets from 8 PM until 9 PM, for 20 minutes, within the distance of 200m from the address of permanent or temporary residence.

    Persons aged 65 or more (in urban areas) or 70 or more (in rural areas) have an all-day curfew, except on Sundays from 3 AM until 8 AM.

    Exceptions from the curfew include: (i) licenced health workers (ii) personnel of Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Defense, intelligence agencies and military (iii) persons licenced by the Ministry of Interior; and (iv) persons in need of immediate health assistance, accompanied by maximum of two persons.

    Aside from violation of the curfew being a criminal offense, monetary penalty for misdemeanour is introduced in the amount of in between approx. 400 EUR and 1,250 EUR.

    22 March 2020

    Supply of masks. The National Health Insurance Fund delivers masks to legal entities which distribute protective equipment, based on orders for at least 500,000 masks, whereby the distributors must deliver a list of legal entities which operate in the retail. The Government approves and sets the conditions for the delivery.

    Retail. The maximum price of a mask in retail may be approx. 1 EUR, with one person being allowed to buy 10 masks at once. The quantity restriction also applies when masks are being bought for legal entities.

    22 March 2020

    Curfew is introduced for all persons from 8 PM – 5 AM. On Saturdays the curfew lasts from 8PM to 3 AM.

    Persons aged 65 or more (in areas) or 70 or more (in rural areas) have an all-day curfew, except on Sundays urban from 3 AM until 8 AM.

    Exceptions from the curfew include: (i) licenced health workers (ii) personnel of Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Defense, intelligence agencies and military (iii) persons licenced by the Ministry of Interior; and (iv) persons in need of immediate health assistance, accompanied by maximum of two persons.

    Aside from violation of the curfew being a criminal offense, monetary penalty for misdemeanour is introduced in the amount of in between approx. 400 EUR and 1,250 EUR.

    21 March 2020

    White sugar also removed from the list of basic products prohibited for export. After white flour, white sugar has also been added to basic products the export of which is permitted.

    21 March 2020

    Meals and drinks may be sold only as take-aways. Sale may be conducted through delivery service or through counters whereby customers would not enter the object nor sit in the open parts of such objects. This applies not only to restaurants and cafes, but to anyone who enables consummation of food and drinks in their premises (fast-food, bars, beer houses, taverns, night clubs, bookmakers, etc).

    21 March 2020

    Gatherings of more than 5 persons in closed spaces are prohibited. The prohibition does not apply only for public authorities in cases necessary for the fight against Covid-19, when a maximum of 50 people may gather.

    21 March 2020

    Closure of shops in shopping malls. All shops inside shopping malls and similar objects are closed except supermarkets, food shops and pharmacies.

    21 March 2020

    Total prohibition of visits to public parks and public areas intended for recreation and sports.

    21 March 2020

    Self-isolation for persons arriving from areas which are not highly affected with Covid-19. Serbian citizens and foreign nationals who have been granted temporary residence or permanent residence in Serbia, who arrive from areas not deemed heavily affected with Covid-19 are subjected to self-isolation (at home) for 28 days

    21 March 2020

    Suspension of public transport. The suspension applies to (i) intercity and city public bus transport, except for transport done exclusively for the realization of work tasks of employees; (ii) international and internal railway passenger transport; and (iii) international and internal riverway passenger transport. Penalty is introduced for legal entities for a violation of the suspension in the amount of in between approx. 12,500 EUR to 17,000 EUR. Approvals for conducting transport may be obtained from the competent authorities in certain cases.

    21 March 2020

    Delay of tax obligations for certain taxpayers. Enforcement measures shall not be taken during the state of emergency against taxpayers – legal entities, entrepreneurs, farmers and natural persons who have an approved deferred payment of tax due, starting from the instalment due in March 2020. Interest does not apply during the state of emergency.

    Interest applies for taxpayers – legal entities, entrepreneurs, farmers and natural persons for the amounts of underpaid or overpaid taxes and secondary tax duties, except on interest, in the amount of National Bank of Serbia’s annual reference rate.

    20 March 2020

    Filing deadlines extended. Deadlines for filing a lawsuit in civil proceedings, private lawsuit in criminal proceedings, proposal for initiation of extra-judicial proceedings or enforcement and security interest proceedings, lawsuit in administrative proceedings and constitutional appeal stop running during the state of emergency declared on 15 March 2020. The same applies for deadlines for filing legal remedies and undertaking other procedural actions in said proceedings.

    In criminal proceedings, misdemeanour proceedings and proceedings for economic offenses, the deadlines for filing appeals against decisions terminating the proceedings, as well as for filing extraordinary legal remedies, stop running during the state of emergency declared on 15 March 2020.

    20 March 2020

    Suspension of intercity bus and rail transport.

    20 March 2020

    Expanded list of counters excepted from closure. Counters of the Customs Administration and the Post Office, as well as certain counters of the Tax Administration, the Treasury Administration and Public Enterprise “Elektroprivreda” Serbia remain open.

    19 March 2020

    Cancellation of prohibition of export of wheat flour.

    19 March 2020

    Quarantine for residents arriving from areas highly affected with Covid-19. Serbian citizens and foreign nationals who have been granted temporary residence or permanent residence in Serbia, who arrive from Switzerland, Italy, Iran, Romania, Spain, Germany, France, Austria, Slovenia and Greece are subjected to 28-days quarantine in specially designated areas.

    19 March 2020

    Closure of all border crossings for entry of passengers into Serbia for road, railway and riverway transport. All border crossings for entry of passengers into Serbia in international road, rail and riverway transport, as well as for entry through border crossings for border traffic to neighbouring countries is closed. Entry may be temporarily granted on the basis of an approval of the competent authority, in accordance with national interests and for humanitarian reasons.

    19 March 2020

    Prohibition of all arrivals and departures for international air transport of passengers. The measure applies for all airports in Serbia.

    19 March 2020

    Closure of border crossing point at Airport Nikola Tesla in Belgrade. The Government adopted a decision to suspend all passenger air transport from and to Airport Nikola Tesla in Belgrade and to close the border crossing point. The airport remains open for transport of cargo.

    19 March 2020

    Closure of counters. All governmental institutions and public entities should terminate any work through direct contact with the parties. They are obliged to provide services through mail, email or telephone. Only exemptions include the Post Office and certain counters of Public Enterprise “Elektroprivreda” Serbia.

    18 March 2020

    Closure of border crossing point at Airport Constantine the Great in Niš. The second largest airport in Serbia has been added to the list of closed border crossing points.

    18 March 2020

    Restrictions on increase of prices and margins for certain goods. The restriction on increase of prices includes basic food items (e.g. wheat, yogurt and milk), protective personal equipment and cleaning items. Margins of all participants in the supply chain are restricted for certain goods (vegetables and fruits; fresh meat; plastic masks with textile filter; paper masks; rubber, surgical and other gloves; bleach and other disinfectants; asepsol; alcohol).

    18 March 2020

    Curfew is introduced for all persons from 8 PM – 5 AM. Persons aged 65 or more (in urban areas) or 70 or more (in rural areas) have an all-day curfew. Exceptions: (i) people needing health assistance, (ii) certain groups of agriculture manufacturers, (iii) employees working in night shifts.

    17 March 2020

    Gathering of people in open and closed spaces is restricted. Distance between persons needs to be at least 2 meters and only 1 person can be on a surface area of 4 square meters. Owners of closed premises need to designate how much persons can simultaneously reside within the premises. This restriction does not pertain to persons who cannot apply this measure due to specific manner of organization of work.

    17 March 2020

    National Bank of Serbia introduces a 90-day moratorium on credit and leasing repayments. Effective from 18 March 2020, the moratorium cannot be shorter than 90 days or length of the state emergency, whichever is longer. During this period, the debtor is not under an obligation to repay the due instalments and no default interest is applicable. The bank / leasing provider cannot initiate enforcement proceedings against the debtor or undertake any similar legal actions with the purpose of claiming the debt.

    17 March 2020

    Suspension of parliamentary elections. All parliamentary elections activities and deadlines are suspended.

    16 March 2020

    Entry into Serbia is prohibited to all foreign nationals. Exceptions: (i) Serbian citizens, (ii) diplomats, and (iii) foreign nationals with a valid residence permit, subject to a 14-day period of self-isolation following entry into Serbia. Persons entering Serbia from especially endangered territories need to go through a 28-day period of self-isolation. In addition, 44 border crossings have been closed.

    16 March 2020

    Recommended work from home. The Government of Serbia strongly recommended that employers should organize work from home for their employees. If this is not possible, the employers should undertake all necessary measures to ensure H&S at work in light of the COVID-19 outbreak (limited number of persons in the same room, personal protective equipment and similar).

    16 March 2020

    Serbia declared a state of emergency.

    16 March 2020

    Gatherings of 50 persons or more in closed spaces are prohibited. Assemblies having more than 50 persons in closed spaces are prohibited, regardless of the rationale for the assembly.

    15 March 2020

    Restriction to increase of price for certain consumer goods. This restriction includes basic food supplies (e.g. wheat, yogurt and milk), protective personal equipment and hygiene products.

    15 March 2020

    Closure of smaller border crossing points. Certain smaller border crossing points were closed.

    12 March 2020

    Gatherings of 100 persons or more in closed spaces are prohibited. Assemblies having more than 100 persons in closed spaces are prohibited, regardless of the rationale for the assembly.

    12 March 2020

    Covid-19 declared an epidemic. Entry to persons coming from areas heavily affected with Covid-19 is being denied or their movement limited.

    10 March 2020
  • Slovenia

    Act on the intervention measures to stem and mitigate the consequences of the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) communicable disease epidemic for citizens and the economy was adopted and will be applied retroactively from 13 March 2020 onwards and shall remain in force until 31 May 2020. In case the epidemic will not be revoked by mid-May 2020, the validity of the Act may be prolonged by the end of June 2020. The Act introduced changes to moratorium of loans, employment relationship measures, insolvency, public procurement etc, and provides for a deferral of management’s obligations. As regards the moratorium of loans, during the deferral period, interest is charged on the deferred part of the principal at the regular interest rate agreed upon when the credit agreement is concluded. This is the first package worth EUR 3 billion, the Government is preparing package no. 2 – the liquidity of the economy and no. 3 – a strategy for the time after the epidemic is over.

    2 April 2020

    A new Decision to invite business entities operating in the Republic of Slovenia to donate medicinal products to the Agency for Medicinal Products and Medical Devices of the Republic of Slovenia was adopted.

    2 April 2020

    According to the new Decree which enters into force on 3 April, two new exceptions are added to the ban on offering and selling goods and services to consumers: (i) nurseries and florists, (ii) construction work in/on unoccupied construction sites, houses or flats, the implementation of which is ensured that there is no contact with consumers.

    2 April 2020

    The Government adopted a draft of the Act Amending the Referendum and Popular Initiative Act, which the National Assembly shall discuss by urgent procedure. The Amendment is expected to ensure faster legislative procedures and thus immediate action for the security of citizens also in the event of an epidemic.

    1 April 2020

    A new Decree regarding medical practice activities was adopted and according to which preventive activities, dental services, except urgent cases and those whose omission would lead to permanent damage to general and oral health, as well as home births are suspended. All specialist examinations and surgeries, except those indicated with urgent or very quick, oncology services and treatment of pregnant women are cancelled. The Decree enters into force on the day following its publication in the Official Gazette.

    31 March 2020

    With the new Ordinance on the temporary general prohibition of movement and public gathering in public places and areas in the Republic of Slovenia and the prohibition of movement outside the municipality of permanent or temporary residence, that entered into force on 30 March, movement and access to public places is permitted for: (i) coming to and of work and performing work tasks, (ii) performing economic, agricultural activities, (iii) protecting and assisting people in need of support or care, (iv) access to pharmacies, health services, (v) access to grocery stores, agricultural shops, agricultural direct sales, drugstores, gas stations, bank, post offices, car services. If these services are not provided in the municipality of residence, access is allowed to another municipality only to the nearest accessible service by public road. When entering closed public places, use of a protective mask and gloves is mandatory.

    29 March 2020

    The Government adopted the text of #antiCorona legislative package and submitted it to the National Assembly for consideration. The package includes new measures for the self-employed affected by the crisis, aid for all full-time students, large families and pensioners, allowance for performing hazardous work and for higher workloads during the epidemic in the private sector and a 30 % decrease in the basic wage of some high officials.

    28 March 2020

    Disinfection of multi-dwelling buildings at least twice per day is mandatory pursuant to the new Ordinance on the mandatory disinfection of multi-dwelling buildings.

    28 March 2020

    Purchases between 8.00 and 10.00 may only be carried out by vulnerable groups (e.g. persons with disabilities, pensioners, pregnant women). Ordinance enters into force on 30 March.

    28 March 2020

    The new Ordinance on the temporary prohibition of the operation of air services in the RS temporarily prohibits the operation of international air passenger transport from all countries to the RS.

    28 March 2020

    With a new Ordinance, all health care professionals and medical associates who are trained (trainees) in the pursuit of a particular health profession and are involved in the health care system in the implementation of the COVID-19 measures.

    27 March 2020

    Decree on setting prices for certain petroleum products was adopted and enters into force on 1 April and shall be valid until 30 September 2020.

    27 March 2020

    Slovenia submitted a request to the European Commission for relief from customs duties and VAT on the import of protective equipment and medical devices and other goods that are absolutely necessary to prevent the spread and control the consequences of the epidemic in Slovenia.

    24 March 2020

    A new Order establishing the conditions of entry into RS from Austria in order to prevent the spread of infectious diseases has entered into force on 25 March. Exceptions: (i) freight transport, cross border labour migrants, ambulance vehicles, intervention vehicles and for transit in the form of organized humanitarian convoys, (ii) if an foreigner submits proof showing negative result on SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) or if his body temperature is below 37.5 and shows no clear signs of upper respiratory tract infection. This order does not apply to citizens of RS, permanent and temporary residents of Slovenia, citizens of RS or Austria that also own land in both the Austrian and Slovenian territory along the state border and perform agricultural activities. Train passenger traffic is not running.

    24 March 2020

    A new proposal for a Decree on temporary measures in the implementation of compulsory health insurance in order to curb the control of the COVID-19 epidemic provides measures to facilitate the exercise of the entitlements from compulsory health insurance by insured persons and establishment of eligibility for Health Insurance Institute of Slovenia to compulsory health insurance entitlements.

    24 March 2020

    The Crisis Staff of the Republic of Slovenia for curbing and controlling the COVID-19 epidemic ceased to operate due to the establishment of operational activities of all ministries. All operational functions attached to the Crisis Staff in the extended composition in the form of additional intervention and coordination capabilities are now being carried out within the home departments of the Ministries and their constituent bodies.

    24 March 2020

    Order concerning the temporary working time of notary public during the duration of the COVID-19 outbreak has come into force on 24 March. According to the order, the notary public in Slovenia shall have the following opening hours: Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Friday from 9 to 12 AM and on Wednesday from 13 to 17 PM.

    24 March 2020

    Decree on interim measures in the field of health care to curb and control the COVID-19 epidemic was adopted. The decree is suspending the provision of preventive health services to all healthcare providers except those whose omission could have adverse effects on the patient’s health. All specialist examinations and surgeries are cancelled. Exceptions: urgent cases, oncology patients and the treatment of pregnant women. Only emergency dental services are performed.

    20 March 2020

    Decree on the temporary non-payment of contributions to provide support for the production of electricity in high-efficiency cogeneration and from renewable energy sources for small business customers and household customers was adopted. The electricity bill for the average household is estimated to be reduced by about 20 percent.

    20 March 2020

    Decree on the temporary ban on the implementation of active fire protection systems and regular technical control of the hydrant network in Slovenia, was adopted, and it comes into force on 23 March. It is temporarily prohibited to carry out surveillance of the active fire protection systems installed and to carry out regular technical monitoring of the hydrant network.

    20 March 2020

    Stores that mainly sell groceries, including the sale of farm produce, have a working time of at least 8.00 to 18.00. Exception: micro and small companies, self-employed, and cooperative societies may determine their own hours based on their business decision. The amendment to the Decree temporarily prohibiting the supply and sale of goods and services directly to consumers came into effect on 21 March.

    20 March 2020

    Decree on the temporary prohibition of the gathering of people at public gatherings and public events and other events in public places in Slovenia has come into force. Most relevant exceptions of the prohibition of movement and gathering of people in public places: (i) coming to work and performing work tasks, (ii) access to pharmacies, banks and post offices, grocery stores, gas stations, (iii) access to public parks and walking trails.

    20 March 2020

    Act on Interim measures in the fiscal area was adopted, which extends the deadlines for filing tax return and submission of annual reports.

    20 March 2020

    Act on Interim measures on deferral of payment of borrower’s liabilities has been adopted. Borrowers who, due to the negative effects of epidemics, will not be able to meet their credit agreement obligations will be granted a 12-month repayment delay.

    20 March 2020

    Act on Interim Measures in the field of wages and contributions was adopted, according to which the government will cover 40 % of the wage compensation, whereby employers will still have to carry 60 % of the compensation. Payments of social security contributions for the self-employed due in April, May and June 2020 are automatically deferred, no default interest apply.

    20 March 2020

    Act on Interim Measures Relating to Judicial, Administrative and Other Public Law Matters for the Management of the Spread of the Infectious Disease SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) has been adopted and will enter into force on 20 March. Suspension of deadline, both procedural and substantive, except for urgent matters. Authorities will not perform personal service, applications can be submitted electronically without a secure electronic signature.

    19 March 2020

    A prohibition of entry into Slovenia from Italy in order to prevent the spread of infectious diseases has entered into force on 19 March. Exceptions: (i) freight transport of post, medicines, protective equipment, medical supplies and humanitarian aid, (ii) if an individual submits proof showing negative result on SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19). This order does not apply to citizens of RS, permanent and temporary residents of Slovenia, citizens of RS that also own land in the Italian territory along the state border and perform agricultural activities, and for freight which final destination is Slovenia or in transit and it is agreed with the neighboring country to accept the freight vehicle.

    18 March 2020

    The Government issued an amendment to the Decree temporarily prohibiting the supply and sale of goods and services directly to consumers in the territory of the Republic of Slovenia. The amendment enters into force on 19 March. The opening hours of grocery stores are extended and a special interval is available from 8AM to 10 AM for all vulnerable groups. On Sundays all shops are closed with the exception of gas stations.

    18 March 2020

    The government has allocated 28 million to increase commodity reserves

    18 March 2020

    The Ministry of Labor Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities has issued instructions for an adequate protection of all users and employees in the field of social protection.

    18 March 2020

    Temporary suspension for the border crossings for border traffic at the border with Croatia.

    18 March 2020

    Prohibition of public transport: prohibition on the provision of public, personal, permanent, occasional regular passenger services, public rail passenger services in domestic and international traffic, except for auto-taxis.

    16 March 2020

    Prohibition on the supply and sale of goods and services directly to consumers in the territory of the Republic of Slovenia. Accommodation services, catering services, sports and recreational services, cosmetics, culture, cinema services etc are forbidden. The temporary prohibition does not, apply to the purchase of foodstuffs in grocery stores, nor is the sale of agricultural produce on farm and the sale of agricultural produce agricultural stores. The sale of goods and services online is also permitted.

    16 March 2020

    Prohibition of the operation of air services in the Republic of Slovenia. Exceptions: aircraft operating international scheduled and special air services of goods and / or mail, and aircraft operating international special air services without transporting passengers on their base or maintenance flights. The prohibition will be in force until 30 March.

    17 March 2020

    The Government gave its consent to the Key Elements of the Financial Engineering Measure for Micro, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises. These include measures by the Slovenian Enterprise Fund in the form of favorable financial instruments, such as loans for micro, small and medium-sized enterprises and guarantees for bank loans with a reduced interest rate.

    16 March 2020

    The Government has set maximum prices for safety, protective and other medical equipment, which means that companies should not raise prices for these types of goods.

    14 March 2020

    Prime minister calls for self-isolation.

    14 March 2020

    The Government has adopted a proposal of the Act on Interim Measures of Emergency Measures on the Market of Agricultural Products, Foods, Animals and Wood-Timber Assortments, and adopted a Decision to Increase Commodity Reserves. The Act has not been adopted yet.

    14 March 2020

    The Government prepared a supplementary budget and temporarily suspended the implementation of the budget for all direct budget users. The government has set a 30% proportionate reduction in spending rights for all direct budget users for the following purposes: expenditure on goods and services, subsidies, transfers to non-profit organizations and institutions, other current and domestic transfers, current transfers abroad, and investment expenditure and investment transfers.

    14 March 2020

    Special Orders for Courts: From 16 March the courts only deal with urgent cases, the procedural deadlines are suspended, nor are judicial documents served.

    13 March 2020

    Prohibition of the gathering of people in educational institutions and universities. Exceptions: educational institutions working with adolescents with emotional and behavioural disorders. Schools will be closed from 16 to 29 March.

    12 March 2020

    Slovenia declared an epidemic.

    12 March 2020

    Prohibition on entry of persons from Italy. Exceptions: if an individual submits proof showing negative result on SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19). This order does not apply to citizens of Slovenia, permanent and temporary residents of Slovenia and for freight which final destination is Slovenia.

    11 March 2020

    The Ministry of Infrastructure adopted a decision on banning aircrafts from affected areas from landing in RS that entered into force on 10 March. Exceptions: State aircraft, aircraft for mail and / or goods, aircrafts returning without passengers to their base or maintenance flights.

    10 March 2020

    Order on the prohibition of public gatherings at public events in enclosed public places entered into force on 10 March. Applies to public events where more than 100 people gather.

    9 March 2020
April, 2020

COVID-19 Croatia Update

Croatian Government Proposes the April Financial Package

Last Updated on 3 April 2020 15:00 CET The Croatian Government proposed the second package of economic measures on 2 April, aimed to preserve jobs and reduce liquidity risks caused by the COVID-19 financial crisis in the private sector. Starting with April, the salary amount financed by the Croatian Government will be increased to an […]

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April, 2020

COVID-19 Serbia Update

Serbia Proposes a Set of Economic Measures in Response to the COVID-19 Outbreak

Last Updated on 2 April 2020 11:00 CET The Government announced on 1 April 2020 its proposal of a Program of economic measures to reduce the negative effects caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and an attempt to support the economy of Serbia, split into four categories. Tax policy measures Payroll tax and social security contributions […]

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April, 2020

COVID-19 Slovenia Update

First Set of Employment Intervention Measures Enters into Force in Slovenia, Additional and Revised Measures are Proposed

Last Updated on 1 April 2020 14:00 CET The Act on Intervention Measures to Salaries and Contributions (“Intervention Act”) finally entered into force on 29 March 2020 in Slovenia. The Intervention Act regulates the right of employers to apply for reimbursement of salary compensations paid to employees who are either unable to work due to […]

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March, 2020

COVID-19 Serbia Update

Status of Foreign Citizens in the Republic of Serbia During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Last Updated on March 28 2020 The Republic of Serbia has officially closed its border crossings for passengers in road, rail, air and water traffic at 8.00 a.m. on 20 March 2020. The passing of humanitarian aid and crossings of national importance that are approved by the competent authority are still allowed. International passenger traffic […]

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March, 2020

COVID-19 Montenegro Update

Update on the Employment Situation in Montenegro

Last Updated on 27 March 2020 COVID-19 outbreak has made a significant impact on the vast majority of employers’ business activities. The most common questions which have been raised due to recent developments are the ones concerning possibilities to reduce workforce and type of measures to reduce workforce costs due to COVID-19. Therefore, relevant possibilities/measures […]

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March, 2020

COVID-19 Croatia Update

Update on Tax and Economy Related Government COVID-19 measures in Croatia

Last Updated on 27 March 2020 The Croatian Government enacted detailed rules on the possibility to apply for deferred payment of taxes. This measure includes income and profit tax, public fees (includes pension and health insurance, concession fees but not custom fees and excise duties) as well as VAT (under certain conditions). Businesses wishing to […]

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March, 2020

COVID-19 Bosnia and Herzegovina Update

Data Protection Agency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Prohibits Publication of Personal Data of Persons Infected by COVID-19

Last Updated on 26 March 2020 14:00 CET COVID-19 outbreak that was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) due to its alarming level of spread and severity, caused countries to use any available measure to combat its alarming spreading. Authorities at all levels of all affected countries have in addition to providing […]

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March, 2020

COVID-19 Croatia Update

COVID-19 and Force Majeure in Croatia

Last Updated on 25 March 2020 Pursuant to the Croatian law, in order for the event to be deemed as force majeure, it is supposed to be an external, unpredictable, atypical and unrecoverable event. Although the COVID-19 outbreak definitely represents a global health risk, it may not always be clear how it affects the rights […]

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Karanovic & Partners approach to COVID-19

In line with the latest developments regarding the COVID-19 outbreak and for the safety and well-being of both our team and clients, Karanovic & Partners followed advice given by the authorities in the SEE region to its maximum extent.